Capoeira, the national martial art of Brazil. In addition to shock techniques it includes some elements of acrobatics, dance, games. Mandatory accompanied by the music. In contrast to the early forms of modern capoeira is almost never used in combat. Now it's more of an art form that involves strict adherence to traditions in terms of events, musical arrangement, appearance, capoeiristas, and assigning them to another title.16.02.2017 23:47
Capoeira the national martial art of Brazil. In addition to shock techniques it includes some elements of acrobatics, dance, games. Mandatory accompanied by the music.
Born this form of martial art in South America approximately in the XVIII century. The founders of the capoeira are black immigrants from Africa, which was introduced by the Portuguese in the New world as free labor force. As a result of the struggle for independence was the formation of free settlements of former slaves in the forests of Brazil, where their beliefs were mixed with the culture Indian tribes. It is in these settlements and formed capoeira, having its beginning from African ritual dance. Special contribution to development of art capoeira in those days made you Feel like the leader of the Negro settlement Palmares.
the Name capoeira on the version of the different sources is treated differently.
translated from the the Indian language means "field, overgrown with bushes, which paves burning or cutting". With Portuguese language – "coop". In the language of the people of the Congo means the imitation of human movements fighting cocks.
the Development capoeira
This exotic martial art in Brazil has long been banned because of social discrimination, which was present despite the official the recognition of equal rights of blacks, Indians and Europeans. But the official ban, spelled out in the Constitution of Brazil in 1892, not been able to cancel the existence of clandestine associations capoeiristas, who were masked training under conventional dances. In spite of the prohibitions of art continued to develop rapidly. And in 1930 he received official recognition, after the military coup that significantly changed the political the situation in Brazil. This led to the development of culture and already in 1932 year opened the first official school of capoeira under Mestre Bimba (Manuel DOS Reis Machado). He developed a new style already popular art called "Capoeira regional", anonymi features which is the development speed of reflexes.
Another a well known figure in the development of the art of capoeira is Mestre Pastinha (Vicente Ferreira Pastinha). They were also founded its own school (1941) and developed a separate style of "Capoeira Angola". The emphasis placed on the meaningfulness of movements.
in Addition to the above-described styles, there are also universal, based on a mixture of the previous two, the style is Capoeira, Contemporanea. To this style belong also those who do not consider themselves a follower of any of these schools.
In Europe capoeira was first reported in 1951, with the arrival of the first the artistic tour, which was followed by others, which gave the opportunity individual masters to stay there to teach the willing and carrying out solo performances. In the States of capoeira began in 1975. In the post-Soviet countries space capoeira began to gain popularity much later (only in 1994) after the release of numerous films that contain scenes application specific methods.
Capoeira in modern world
In our days the representatives of capoeira at its meetings comply with certain rules. From participants formed a circle, at the head of which are placed musicians, and the center of the circle out a couple of soldiers taking part in the game. They try through bumps, jumps, acrobatic elements to get his opponent and knock them down. The nature of the game is determined by the rhythm of the music, accompanying all the action. The orchestra of capoeira is determined by the long traditions. According to them, the main role is played Berimbau – instrument similar to a bow with a resonator. In addition to this classic composition the orchestra includes and other instruments representing the reels bells, rattles, tambourines.
To learn capoeira provides several degrees of perfection, conformity the student which directly determines his teacher at the end of the course. The assignment of a new rank and the award of a special cord-a headscarf is happening in the initiation ceremony – batizado. Share the following stages: apprentice, proficient, student, assistant teacher, Mestre-sarangarh, contra-Mestre and Mestre.
currently the art of capoeira is fond of many people around the world. Based a large the number of schools which conducted classes in accordance with one of the styles capoeira. The philosophy of art implies that capoeira free occupation and strict organization is in its development entirely optional. The main thing – to pay tribute to the traditions and clearly transfer knowledge from teacher to student.